African Violet (Saintpaulia) plants are a popular species of houseplant, native to East Africa. Plants can be divided into smaller daughter plants or even grown from leaf cuttings. Are the African violet hybrids today just hybrids of the species Saintpaulia ionantha or have other species been used to add to the modern day hybrids? Erweiterte Edition. Known for their striking resemblance to violets, African Violets have become a household favorite due to their resilience and easiness to grow. [3] Two British plant enthusiasts, Sir John Kirk and the Reverend W.E. Most of them prefer to grow in well-drained soil, and they prefer light that is filtered a bit, which means that they prefer the shade of growing indoors instead of growing in the sun. Saintpaulia, commonly known as African violet, is a genus of 6–20 species of herbaceous perennial flowering plants in the family Gesneriaceae, native to Tanzania and adjacent southeastern Kenya in eastern tropical Africa. This plant bears rounded to oval foliage with a fleshy texture. Large African violet plants when fully mature range from 16 inches (40cm) or larger in diameter across a single crown. Orchid ⊕ 21. [13] The flowers are 2–3 cm in diameter, with a five-lobed velvety corolla ("petals"), and grow in clusters of 3–10 or more on slender stalks called peduncles. Plants can be classified as one of several sizes based on its above-ground diameter. Saintpaulia species (B. Burtt - 1958) Single blue-violet, one or more per peduncle, floriferous. There are around 400-500 species of Violets in the genus. The same goes for a totally unrelated plant: the African violet. Violets are one of the cheeriest little flowers to grace the landscape. If you are interested in growing African violets, you will find that there are a number of different varieties that are easy to grow. In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. The plants get their common name "African violet" from their superficial resemblance to true violets (Viola, family Violaceae). Violet is known to have a 'flirty' scent as its fragrance comes and goes. Saintpaulias, which grow from 6–15 cm tall, can be anywhere from 6–30 cm wide. They are considered as tropical plants. Including bell flowers, green blooms, rare varieties & the "original" African Violet, Saintpaulia ionantha (discovered in 1893)! Identify African Violet Varieties The Optimara Field Guide allows you to find and identify Optimara and Rhapsodie Violets using a number of search criteria. There is a concentration of species in the Nguru mountains of Tanzania. This is thought to be because rapid leaf cooling causes cell vacuole collapse in the palisade mesophyll cells. Wild populations are found in Tanzania and Kenya and grow on moss covered boulders, on cliffs or on rock outcrops shaded by large trees. African Violet comes in hundreds of varieties to choose from. Several of the species and subspecies of the section are endangered, and many more are threatened, as their native cloud forest habitats are cleared for agriculture. Don't take a violet (or succulent) in a 3-inch pot up to 10 inches in one repotting. Water when the soil feels less moist to the touch. The genus Saintpaulia, and original species S. ionantha, were scientifically described by H. Wendland in 1893. Palisade Cells Induced by a Rapid Temperature Decrease", "Cultural Guidelines for Commercial Production of African Violets (Saintpaulia ionantha)", African Violet Society of America website, African Violet in Romania - Pasionata de violete africane, Gesneriad Reference Web Saintpaulia article, Baby Violets - African Violet Houseplants, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Streptocarpus_sect._Saintpaulia&oldid=987829878, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from March 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 14:04. Can we overload or override method which have different return type with same name and signature? Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Streptocarpus sect. © AskingLot.com LTD 2021 All Rights Reserved. 8.10 Number of Species. Violets (Viola) are a genus of Spring flowering plants in the family Violaceae. To begin, make a selection from the list below. For this reason they have been a traditional gift to mothers in many cultures around the world. Miracle-Gro® Indoor Potting Mix is specially formulated to provide indoor plants like African violets with just the right growing environment. Similarly, how do I identify African violets? The section was previously treated as a separate genus, Saintpaulia, but molecular phylogenetic studies showed that it was nested within the genus Streptocarpus. Usually single crown. $7.99 $ 7. African Violets are one of the smaller groups in the Old World Gesneriaceae, but also one of the best known because of their extensive use as house plants. Leaves can be oval to heart-shaped with smooth or ruffled margins. The number of species expanded to 20 at one time but has now been reduced to approximately 6. The most common species of violet found in the U.S. – though there are around 60 species found in the country – is the blue violet, or Viola sororia. ¿Cuáles son los 10 mandamientos de la Biblia Reina Valera 1960? What are the names of Santa's 12 reindeers? I love these shallow clay pots, but many plant roots need more depth. Addendum to February, 2019, MAAVS Memo African Violet Species Identification Guide 7 The section was initially regarded as a separate genus. $3.75 On sale $3.50 In Stock African Violet Saintpaulia confusa Mather set of 2 leaves (0) Sale. Saintpaulia species are the African violets that all modern hybrids trace the ancestry to. A wider range of species is now being looked at as sources of genes to introduce into modern cultivars. They are small and compact which makes them perfect as potted houseplants. Considering this, is an African violet an annual or perennial? The many violet plant varieties guarantee there is a swe… Native to higher elevations in tropical eastern Africa, African violets are widely grown horticulturally, especially S. ionantha. Growing African violets from seed is rare and most commercially available plants are produced from cuttings and tissue culture. Answer: Many of the current hybrids originated from crosses made with Saintpaulia ionantha and with S. confusa (now considered to be a subspecies of S. ionantha). Our native violets are indigenous to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere and may bloom from spring well into summer, depending upon the species. [6], A molecular phylogenetic study in 2015 confirmed previous studies showing that species placed in Saintpaulia were deeply embedded within the genus Streptocarpus,[7] supporting the transfer of all Saintpaulia species to Streptocarpus in 2012. Deadhead African violets to encourage more blooms. African violets are one of the most well-known members of the Gesneriad family even though it contains over 3400 hundred species of plants. Unless you live in semi-tropical to tropical climates, don't put your African violets outside or near drafty windows. Leaves and stems are very pubescent. HORT. [10][11], Saintpaulias are highly sensitive to temperature changes, especially rapid leaf cooling. CARING FOR YOUR AFRICAN VIOLET The conservation status of Streptocarpus ionanthus has been classed as near-threatened. [8] Former Saintpaulia species did form a monophyletic group, and were placed in section Saintpaulia of Streptocarpus subgenus Streptocarpella. Saintpaulias, which grow from 6–15 cm tall, can be anywhere from 6–30 cm wide. Now—I am not qualified to confirm whether or not what I saw was indeed proof that the smallest of wild African violet species, Saintpaulia pusilla, still exists in nature. African Violet Species. Species and cultivars are commonly called African violets (although they are not closely related to true violets) or saintpaulias. Kolehmainen, J. Most Saintpaulia species are very easy to grow and good bloomers, Most are very tolerant of neglect, even needing less light than hybrids to grow and bloom. It has clusters of velvety 5-petalled flowers in shades of violet, purple, pale blue, or white. Burkhardt, Lotte. African Violet Specialty Varieties. African violets (Saintpaulia species) are excellent indoor flowering plants. Violets. Adequate light is important for good growth and bloom. The official description from the African Violet Society database is as follows: "S. ionantha (S 5) 1893 (H. Wendland) Single blue-violet, 4-5 per peduncle, very floriferous. African Violet Saintpaulia diplotrica wild species (0) Sale. Flowers are borne in single or double clusters, can have five or more petals, may be ruffled around the edges of the petals, and come in different shades and color combinations. The importance of plants lies in their great contribution to human life and the environment. For best results, plant African violets in African violet pots, which are small (4- to 5-inch) ceramic or plastic self-watering containers. Oct 25, 2017 - My African Violet Saintpaulias, commonly known as African violets, are a genus of 6–20 species of herbaceous perennial flowering plants in the family Gesneriaceae, native to Tanzania and adjacent southeastern Kenya in eastern tropical Africa. Leaves and stems are very pubescent. Double or semi-double rows of flower petals are available on many of the newer varieties. The violets are shipped at different stages of their blooming cycle, so they can have only buds to almost finished blooming. What is the frequency range of gamma rays? 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